Exogenous Sulphur Dioxide Induced Changes in Superoxide Dismutase, Peroxidation and Non- Protein SH Content in Mung Bean (Vigna Radiata) Seedlings
This study investigated the effect of exogenous sulphur dioxide gas for different durations the superoxide dismutase, peroxidase, lipid peroxidation and non-protein SH content in mung bean (Vigna radiata) seedlings. It has been found that the activity of superoxide dismutase is enhanced at low concentration but decreased when the seedlings are exposed to higher concentration of SO 2 ; the peroxidase activity and lipid peroxidation decreased and the non-protein SH content increased significantly. The results indicate that superoxide dismutase, peroxidase, lipid peroxidation and non-protein SI-I content metabolisms are associated with the growth of the organism and are susceptible to alterations by exogenous sulphur dioxide stress.
Briton C and Mehley AC (1955), Assay of catalase and peroxidase In: Method in Enzymology (Eds. S.P. Colowick and NO Kalpan), 2, Academic Press Inc., New York, 764.
Daines, R.H. (1968), Sulfur dioxide and plant responses, J. Occupat. Medic. 10, 516-524.http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00043764-196809000-00015
Dwivedi, A.K. and Tripathi, B.D. (2007), Pollution tolerance and distribution behaviour of plants in surrounding area of coal-fired industries. J. Environ. Biol. 28, 257-263.
Fridovich I. (1997), Superoxide Anion Radical. Superoxide Dismutases and Related Matters. J. Biol. Chem. 272, 18515-18517.
Fridovich, I. (1974), Superoxide dismutase Adv. Enzymol. 41, 35-97.
Health, R.L. (1980), Initial events in injury to plants by air pollutants, Annual Review of Plant Physiology, 31, 395-431. http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.pp.31.060180.002143
Irshad, Ahmad, S.F. and Sultan P. (2011), Effect of Sulfur dioxide on the Biochemical parameters of Spinach (Spinacea oleracia) Trakia Journal of Sciences, 9(1), 24-27.
Jacobson, J.S. and Hill, A.C. (1971), Recognition of Air Pollution Injury to Vegetation: A Pictorial Atlas. Air Pollution Control Association, Littsburg.
Katzel, W.N. and Moller, S.A. (1993), Physiological and Biochemical effect of SO2 on Wheat Varieties, Environment and Ecology, 9, 760-765.
Khan M.R. and Khan, M.M. (2011), Plant Response to Diseals in Sulphur Dioxide Stressed Environment, Plant Pathology Journal 10, 1-12. http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/ppj.2011.1.12
Krishnamurthy, S. and Bieri, J.S. (1962), Dietary Antioxidants as Related to Vitamin E function, J. Nutr. 77, 245.
Lowry, 0.H., Rosebrough, N.J., Farr, A, L, and Randall, R.J. (1951), Protein Measurement with the folin phenol reagent, J. Biol. Chem. 193, 265.
Mlodzinowski, J.M. and Bialobote, I. (1977), Changes in Protein concent on Glycine max and Pisum sativum under continuous SO2 and root pollution. Environment Pollution, 25, 181.
Puckett, K.J., Nieboeh, E., Flora, W.P. Flora and Richardson, D.H.S. (1973), Sulfur dioxide: Its effect on photosynthesis 11C fixation in Lichens and suggested mechanism of phytotoxicity, New Phytol. 72, 131-154.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.1973.tb02019.x
Renuga, G. and Paliwal (2004), Characterisation of a protective enzyme associated with chloroplast under sulphur dioxide stress. J. Plant Biology, 31, 89-94.
Sedlak, J, and Lindsay, R.H. (1968), Estimation of Total, Protein-bound and Non-protein sulfhydryl groups in Tissues with Ell man’s Reagents, Analyt. Biochem. 25, 192.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0003-2697(68)90092-4
Silvius, J.E., Ingle, M. and Bear, C.H. (1975), Sulfur dioxide Inhibition of Photosynthesis of Isolated Spinach Chloroplasts, Plant Physiol. 56, 434-437.http://dx.doi.org/10.1104/pp.56.3.434
Thomas, M.D., Hendricks. R.H. (1956), Hendricks and C.R. Hill: Sulfur metabolism of plants-effects of SO2 on vegetation. Industry. Eng. Chem. 42, 2231-2235.http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ie50491a023
Tripathi, B.D. and Dwivedi, A.K. (2002), Atmospheric pollution and its outcome-An Analysis, Botanica, 512, 88-92.
Winner, M.A., Mooney, H.A., Williams, K. and Von, T. (1985), Measuring and assessing SO2 effect on photosynthesis and plant growth. Tropical Ecology 19, 156.
Zieoles, I. (1972), The effect of sulfate on the activity of Ribulose -1,5-di-P-carboxylase in isolated spinach chloroplasts, Planta 103, 155-163.http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00387367
Rao, D.N. and Le Blanc (1996) Effect of 03 and Sulphur pollutants separately and in mixture on chlorophyll and carotenoid pigments of Oryza satire. Water, Air and Soil Pollutant, 18, 441-445.
Copyright (c) 2015 Journal of Chemistry, Environmental Sciences and its Applications
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Articles in Journal of Chemistry, Environmental Sciences and its Applications (J. Chem. En. Sci. A.) by Chitkara University Publications are Open Access articles that are published with licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution- CC-BY 4.0 International License. Based on a work at https://jce.chitkara.edu.in. This license permits one to use, remix, tweak and reproduction in any medium, even commercially provided one give credit for the original creation.
View Legal Code of the above mentioned license, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode
View Licence Deed here https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
|Journal of Chemistry, Environmental Sciences and its Applications by Chitkara University Publications is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at https://jce.chitkara.edu.in